San Diego is a major city located in southern California on the Pacific Coast. The city is the second largest in the California after Los Angeles and the eighth largest in the United States. It is popular for its natural harbor, long beaches, mild year-round climate, long association with the U.S. Navy, and recent emergence as a healthcare and biotechnology development center. But how did the city came to be? Find out below.

A brief history of San Diego

San Diego is a major city located in southern California on the Pacific Coast. The city is the second largest in the California after Los Angeles and the eighth largest in the United States. It is popular for its natural harbor, long beaches, mild year-round climate, long association with the U.S. Navy, and recent emergence as a healthcare and biotechnology development center. But how did the city came to be? Find out below.

1. Historically, the city of San Diego was the ancestral home of the Kumeyaay people but was to later be the first place the Europeans would land on the United States' Western Coast.

2. 1542 - On landing on the coast of San Diego, Juan Cabrillo claimed the entire area for Spain, forming the basis for the settlement of Alta California 200 years later.

3. May 1769 - Gaspar de Portolà established the Fort Presidio of San Diego on a hill near the San Diego River. During the same year, Mission San Diego de Alcalá was founded by Franciscan friars under Father Junípero Serra.

4. 1821 - Mexico gained independence from Spain and San Diego became part of Mexico territory.

5. 1846 - United States went to war with Mexico and had an easy time picking up the coastal ports and harbors. However, the Alta Californios would strike back and the port of San Diego would revert to Mexico without firing a shot. However, this was short lived as the Americans recaptured it in October 24, 1846.

6. 1846 - The US-Mexican War would lead to the city of San Diego being ceded to United States.

7. 1850 - California was officially welcomed into the union and together with it, the city of San Diego

8. WWII - The city would serve as an important Pacific Theater Naval Base after growing in leaps and bounds under the Americans from 1850 to 1940.

9. After WWII - The city was still in use by the military during the cold war and this further enhanced the city in terms of investments, science, research and innovation.

10. Today, San Diego is one of the best places to live in the United States, especially with the opening of San Diego Convention Center; Petco Park opened in 2004.

If you love military gizmos, then San Diego is a good place to see them. It is also one of the cities where the Mexican culture mixes freely with American culture. Make sure you visit the city during your West Coast tour.

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